|Periodontal Disease and Treatment
Periodontal treatment, treatment for your gums, may be to treat:
Gingivitis – a bacterial infection that is confined to the gums. It is characterised by redness, inflammation, and bleeding of the gums. It results in reversible damage to the gums.
Periodontitis – an inflammatory disease of the gums and supporting structures caused by bacterial infection that results in some permanent destruction of the bone and periodontal ligament.
The bacteria in the oral cavity commonly form a film on the teeth which can become thickened and hard and is called calculus (tartar). This calculus must be removed in order for the gums and periodontium (supporting structures of the teeth) to heal.
Medications, stress, smoking, hormones, and many systemic medical conditions can aggravate periodontal disease.
In your case, the risk factors may be one or more of the following:
- Plaque build up
- Calculus deposits
- Dental restorations
- Wisdom teeth
- Food traps
- Crowding of teeth
Generally periodontal treatment involves scaling and root planning of the teeth in order to remove the calculus deposits. Measurement of your periodontal pockets (an anatomical sulcular space between the tooth and the gum). By monitoring changes in these periodontal pocket depths, the progress of gum disease can be monitored.
Treatment should be completed in a timely manner so that the oral bacteria are controlled effectively and to improve the outcome of treatment.
Delaying your periodontal treatment may lead to:
- Worsening of infection
- Bleeding, redness, inflammation, pain of gums
- Mobile (loose) teeth
- Movement of teeth
- The need for dental extraction
- The need for tooth replacement
- The poor control of medical conditions such as diabetes and cardiovascular disease
Like most things in life, our mouth and particularly our gums need ongoing care to maintain them in their best state.
Periodontitis is a chronic (long term) disease that cannot be totally cured with therapies currently available to the dental team.
Periodontal maintenance is an essential element of successful periodontal therapy.
Without regular periodontal maintenance, patients exhibit a decrease in self care and recurrence of periodontitis (thus leading to further bone loss)
- With good periodontal maintenance, most periodontal patients can retain their teeth in function and comfort for many years.
For all Periodontal Disease and Treatment enquiries
please call (03) 9662 1505.